“The Kush region was the main source of gold for the Egyptians,” is a trusted fact about Egypt says Thomas J Salzano a history scholar and a famous blogger. The first Kingdom of Kush civilization is known as the Kerma, which is one of the oldest African states outside of Egypt.
Let’s get some more insights about the Kingdom of Kush and dig into the history of Egypt which reflects the story of Kush Kingdom.
The Kingdom of Kush
The Kush civilization was centered in the region of Nubia, located in northern Sudan. After the Nubian pharaohs lost power, they retreated south from Egypt to form the Kingdom of Kush.
The independent Kingdom of kush was developed when the Middle Kingdom of Egypt ended around 1070 BCE. By 727 BCE, the Kush was in control of Egypt and ruled until the Assyrians arrived.
Some relate the name of the civilization to the Bible and were known to the Romans. The ancient Nubian cultures were sophisticated and cosmopolitan, as the region served as a major trading center for goods from the African interior, Arabian desert, and Mediterranean basin.
The Nubian Communities were known for the gold trading, ivory, ebony and animal pelts. African animals such as monkeys, elephants, antelopes, and giraffes were also traded by the traders of Nubian.
The kingdom of Kush is probably the most famous civilization to emerge from Nubia. Three Kushite kingdoms dominated Nubia from more than 3,000 years with capitals in Kerma, Napata, and Meroe.
Kerma & Early Kush
The Kerma was the most powerful Nubian city-state between about 2450 BCE and 1450 BCE. They controlled the Nile Valley between the first and fourth cataracts. The culture of Kerma flourished between 2400 BCE to 1500 BCE.
During the beginning of the Middle Kingdom, Egyptian King Mentuhotep II conquered the region, but the Kerma remained to thrive as a metropolis and survived through the second International Period of Egypt. The end of the Kerma period was around 1500 BCE when Thutmose I attacked the city. After the attack, the city of Napata was founded by Thutmose III.
The Re-discovery of Kerma
The kingdom of Kerma was re-discovered by George Reisner an American archaeologist, during the early 20th Century. It is said that he has discovered the remains of the unique culture during his excavations between 1913 and 1916.
The sad part of the Kingdom of Kerma is that it had existed without a writing system resulting in difficulty to understand civilization. Now, the knowledge shared about Kerma is mainly derived either from archaeological evidence or Egyptian source.
The kingdom of Kush is sometimes known as the Meroitic period, after its capital at Meroe. The capital of Kush civilization was moved from Napata south to Meroe where they established a “Meroitic” Kingdom.
The most attractive artifacts of Meroitic culture are probably its pyramids. The pyramids at Meroe are tombs and Meroe more pyramids than all of Egypt.
This kingdom also did not last for long and was in decline by 100 AD. The kingdom of Meroe was destroyed by Axum in 400 AD.
This is a brief about the Kingdom of Kush as there is a lot written in the history of Egypt highlighting the kingdom and the gold. Thomas J Salzano says if you are a history lover or want to know more about the pyramids read about Meroe and the history of the Kingdom of Kush. Egypt is a land of mystery and tombs are still the center of attraction to all the visitors. The culture is unique and glims of Egypt will attract you to visit Egypt and know more about it.